Considering that many people have been suffering from this disease for quite a number of years now, you must be aware there are numerous forms of diabetes, such as congenital diabetes (caused by genetic defects in insulin secretion), diabetes related to cystic fibrosis, steroid diabetes and various forms of monogenic diabetes (maturity onset diabetes of the young or MODY). If you require any further detailed information about these specific forms of diabetes, it’s recommend that you have a word with your healthcare professional. However, diabetes can be distinctly classified into 3 categories and they are; Type I diabetes, Type II diabetes and Gestational diabetes.
Basic types of Diabetes:
Diabetes Precaution and Medication
- Type I diabetes occurs when one’s body is no longer able to produce insulin. At this stage, diabetic patients need to learn to inject themselves or else have another individual, such as their healthcare professional, or a family member, inject insulin into their body for them. Type I diabetes is also referred to as insulin – dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and juvenile diabetes.
- Type II diabetes develops when a physiological condition called insulin resistance (IR) develops, when the natural hormone insulin starts becoming less effective and is unable to lower blood sugar levels as effectively as before. This is known as Insulin resistance (IR) which slowly causes an increase in blood glucose levels and eventually begins to cause adverse effects.
- Gestational diabetes occurs when pregnant diabetic patients (who have developed diabetes for the very first time), suddenly begin to experience the effects of high blood glucose levels during their pregnancy.
Now that you know the basics about diabetes, you should be aware of a few symptoms of Type I and Type II diabetes that a patient who might possibly be diabetic could experience.
Type I diabetes symptoms:
Type II diabetes symptoms:
- Fluctuations in your weight
- Increased fatigue – To gain energy, fat gets metabolized. When fat is broken down more energy is utilized as compared to glucose. This causes the body of the diabetic patient to experience a negative calorie effect.
- Blurred vision
- Wounds which take a long time to heal
- Bacterial and fungal skin infections
You must know that there are a few causes for Diabetes. Knowing this will help you take extra care of your body (mentally and physically).
- Inherited traits
- Sedentary lifestyles
- Obesity and poor fat distribution
- Improper nutrition
The Diabetic Diet:
If you are suffering from diabetes, be extra careful of what you eat. There is a general diabetic diet that is easy to follow and gives you good reason to smile and feel healthy and strong. Your healthcare professional will provide you with all the details and extra information that you will need to know. So, this is a good option for any diabetic patient.
Fiber intake – at least 1.4 oz/day; do not eat 3 heavy meals. Switch over to eating 4 – 5 small meals; replace fast – food and bakery products with whole cooked cereals; carbohydrates are not to be consumed 2 – 3 hours before you go to sleep and you must try and eat as many fresh fruits and vegetables you can.
Care for yourself properly:
- Eat healthy
- Monitor blood glucose levels
- You should take your regular dosages of Amaryl, Precose, Starlix, Metformin 500mg or Januvia. These are all very effective medications and will help you to feel much better. But, you must speak with your healthcare professional before you begin taking any of these medications.
- Exercise regularly
Reference: Shop East West Pharmacy